Innovation Takes Center Stage as U.S. Boat Sales Cool Following COVID-Era Demand Surge

 Economic Headwinds, Technology Advancements on the Radar for $59 Billion Recreational Boating Industry


While most categories of new powerboats saw estimated unit declines in 2023, anywhere from 5% to 25%, the personal watercraft segment saw a significant increase, and is projected to be up between 20%-25% as final 2023 sales data are calculated. Personal watercraft, which are small craft for one to three people, and often a gateway to boating given their entry-level pricing and ease of use, are expected to make up approximately 85,000-90,000 of the 258,000 estimated new units sold at retail in 2023.

“With jumps in interest rates and inflation in 2023, we saw more boating consumers being price sensitive and deciding to wait things out before buying their next boat and in the meantime, picking up a personal watercraft to enrich their time spent on the water,” said Frank Hugelmeyer, NMMA president. “The nearly 1 million people who purchased a boat for the first time during the height of the pandemic continued to spend record time on the water in 2023, helping drive an economic impact of $230 billion. As we enter 2024, we expect Americans’ desire to be near water to continue as more people seek ways to prioritize health and wellness and enhance their quality of life, which has the industry focused on continued innovation and ensuring greater access to our public waters.”

Recreational boating remains a significant driver to the U.S. economy due to the estimated 85 million Americans who go boating each year, bringing their friends and family and spending on everything from food and marine accessories to marinas, storage, and insurance. It drives an economic impact of $230 billion, up 36% from 2018, while supporting 36,000 U.S. businesses and 812,000 American jobs, according to NMMA’s 2023 Economic Impact Study on Recreational Boating.

Winter is a traditionally strong selling season for the recreational boating industry with dozens of boat shows taking place around the country in January and February in major markets like New York, Miami and Chicago. Unlike auto shows, boat shows are not only a marketing venue but a major driver of retail sales for the year ahead with manufacturers and dealers debuting new product innovations and technologies.

The recreational boating industry has a long track record of new product innovation and self-regulation to support its boating consumers who spend their leisure time on our nation’s waterways. Within the U.S. transportation sector, recreational boats represent 0.7% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and the industry’s commitment to continue to reduce this impact can be found in the new products and technologies being released at winter boat shows—products that differ greatly from the technologies seen at auto shows. Recent global research found that due to the unique on-water environment for recreational boating, and the varied interests of boaters and the experiences they seek, there is no “one-size-fits-all” approach. Instead, a variety of technological solutions must be considered to continue decarbonizing recreational boating. This is specifically driving propulsion technology innovation with boats running on sustainable marine fuels, hydrogen, electric and hybrid propulsion systems.

“Boating provides transformational experiences that offer relaxation, fun and freedom in our busy lives, which is why we’re committed to innovating and enhancing the boating experience for the generations to come,” said Hugelmeyer. “Supporting new innovations in a marine environment means adopting a technology neutral decarbonization approach, as well as accelerating the distribution of sustainable marine fuels, establishing marine electric technology standards, and expanding R&D investments in electric battery density and hydrogen propulsion systems.”

U.S. Recreational Boating by the Numbers

Source: National Marine Manufacturers Association

  • Annual U.S. sales of boats, marine products and services totaled $59.3 billion in 2022, up 4.4% from 2021.
  • Boating and fishing are one of the leading drivers of the $1.1 trillion outdoor recreation economy, which contributes 2.2% of our nation’s GDP. (Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis)
  • The recreational boating industry is an economic driver supporting more than 812,000 American jobs and more than 36,000 American businesses. (Source: NMMA Economic Impact Study)
  • Recreational boating is a uniquely American-made industry: 95% of boats sold in the U.S. are made in America.
  • An estimated 85 million Americans go boating each year.
  • Recreational boating isn’t just for the one percent: 61% of boaters have an annual household income of $100,000 or less.
  • Ninety-five percent of boats on the water in the U.S. are less than 26 feet—boats that can be trailered by a vehicle to local waterways.
  • Leading the nation in sales of new powerboat, engine, trailer and accessories in 2022 were the following states:

    1. Florida: $6.3 billion, up 16.6% from 2021
    2. Texas: $2.5 billion, up 8.1% from 2021
    3. Michigan: $1.65 billion, up 8.6% from 2021
    4. North Carolina: $1.37 billion, up 10.4% from 2021
    5. Minnesota: $1.26 billion, up 6% from 2021
    6. New York: $1.2 billion, up 4.3% from 2021
    7. Wisconsin: $1.1 billion, up 5.6% from 2021
    8. California: $1 billion, down 4% from 2021
    9. Georgia: $1 billion, up 12.2% from 2021
    10. Alabama: $964 million, up 7.4% from 2021

About NMMA: The National Marine Manufacturers Association (NMMA) is the leading trade organization for the North American recreational boating industry. NMMA member companies produce approximately 85 percent of the boats, engines, trailers, marine accessories and gear used by millions of boaters in North America. The association serves its members and their sales and service networks by bringing them together to expand domestic and international sales and marketing opportunities, support access to waterways, explore new technology and business solutions, and ensure a sustainable future for the recreational marine community. As the largest producer of boat and sport shows in the U.S., NMMA connects the recreational boating industry with the boating consumer year-round. Learn more at and get engaged with us on Facebook, X and LinkedIn.


Rebecca Egsieker, NMMA


Written by SerieAUKWire

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